Association of hypoproteinemia in preeclampsia with maternal and perinatal outcomes: A retrospective analysis of high?risk women

Hongbo Chen, Feng Tao, Xiangdong Fang, Xietong Wang


BAckground: The aim of this study was to evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes in preeclampsia (PE), according to the value of albumin.Materials and Methods: Preeclamptic women were retrospectively divided into mild hypoproteinemia (MHP, n = 220) and severe hypoproteinemia (SHP, n = 79) PE according to the value of albumin. The maternal and perinatal outcomes were evaluated in both groups. Results: Two hundred and ninety?nine single pregnancies complicated by PE were included in this study. Gestational age at delivery was earlier in SHP than MHP (P < 0.01). Severe hypertension, abnormal liver function, abnormal renal function, ascites,and abruption occurred more frequently in SHP than in MHP (P < 0.01, 0.03, <0.01, 0.01, and 0.04, respectively). Women in SHP had a higher rate of cesarean section than those in MHP (P = 0.04). Fetal growth restriction infants were more frequent in SHP than in
MHP (P < 0.01). The occupancy rate of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was higher in SHP than in MHP (P < 0.01). Conclusion: SHP PE is associated with a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcome than MHP PE, deserving closer surveillance during pregnancy.

Key words: Hypoproteinemia, perinatal, preeclampsia, pregnancy outcome

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