Fordyce happiness program and postpartum depression

Leili Rabiei, Maryam Amidi Mazaheri, Reza Masoudi, Ali Mohammad Hasheminia


Background: Postpartum depression is endangering the health of mothers and has negative impacts on the evolution of social communication and newborns evolution. This study was conducted to determine the effects of Fordyce Happiness program on the
postpartum depression. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental intervention carried out on postpartum mothers that referred to 4 health centers in Isfahan. A total of 133 mothers were selected by convenient sampling and then randomly allocated
in two groups (63 and 70 mothers for intervention and control respectively). Maternal depression 3 times before, immediate and 1 month after intervention in both groups was evaluated with Beck Depression Inventory-II-Persian standardized questionnaires.
Educational sessions based on the Fordyce happiness program were conducted for intervention group. Data was analyzed in SPSS descriptive and analytic statistical tests at significance level of 0.05. Results: No significant differences in demographic variables between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05). No significant differences in depression scores in the two groups before training. However after 2 months a significant difference in depression score was observed between two groups (control group: 19.38 Â} 3.94; intervention group: 16.24 Â} 4.8; P < 0.001). Furthermore in intervention group showed significant differences in depression scores before and after intervention (19.15 Â} 3.41 and 16.24 Â} 4.83; P < 0.001). However in the control group had not any significant change. Conclusion:Fordyce happiness program was effective in reducing postpartum depression in our study. With attention to the effectiveness and low cost of this program, it is recommended that this program might be considered for all mothers after childbirth in health centers or other community-based settings.

Key words: Fordyce happiness program, mothers, postpartum depression

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