Cavernomas: Outcomes after Gamma-Knife Radiosurgery In Iran

Parisa Azimi, Sohrab Shahzadi, Mohammad Ali Bitaraf, Maziar Azar, Mazdak Alikhani, Alireza Zali, Sohrab Sadeghi


Background: Treatment of cavernomas remains a challenge in surgically inaccessible regions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes after Gamma-knife surgery (GKS) for these patients.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 100 patients treated between 2003 and 2011 was conducted in order to evaluate hemorrhage rates, complications, radiation effects after GKS. Dosage at the tumor margin was stratified into two groups: those that received less than or equal 13 Gy; and those who received more than 13 Gy.  The demographic and clinical characteristics of patients including age, gender and hemorrhage rates were extracted from care records.

Results: The median age was 32.5 years (ranging from 5 to 79). 44% were female. The median follow-up time was 42.2 months (ranging from 24 to 90). The median volume of the lesions was 1050.0 mm3 (ranging from 112.0 to 4100.0) before GKS. A reduction of 27.5% in median size of cavernomas was achieved at the last follow- up. There was 12% treatment-related morbidity after GKS. The hemorrhage rate in the first 2 years after GKS was 4.1%, and 1.9% thereafter. There was no mortality due to GKS and 93 patients were alive at the last follow-up.  The radiation-related complication developed with marginal dose 13 Gy.

Conclusion: The GKS for cavernomas appears to be a safe and beneficial in carefully selected patients. Low-dose GKS may be effective for the management of CMs.

 Keywords: Cavernomas, outcomes, Gamma-knife radiosurgery, Iran


Cavernomas, outcomes, Gamma-knife radiosurgery, Iran