Sildenafil citrate and uteroplacental perfusion in fetal growth restriction

Marzieh Vahid Dastjerdi, Sayedehafagh Hosseini, Leila Bayani


χ2test to compare proportions, and independent-samples t-test and paired student’s t-test to compare continuous variables. Results: Sildenafil group fetuses demonstrated a significant decrease in systolic/diastolic ratios (0.60 [SD 0.40] [95% Cl 0.37-0.84], P=0.000), and pulsatility index (0.12 [SD 0.15] [95% Cl 0.02-0.22], P=0.019) for the umbilical artery and a significant increase in middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI) (0.51 [SD 0.60] [95% Cl 0.16-0.85], P=0.008). Conclusion:Doppler velocimetry index values reflect decreased placental bed vascular resistance after Sildenafil. Sildenafil citrate can improve fetoplacental perfusion in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction. It could be a potential therapeutic strategy to improve uteroplacental blood flow in pregnancies with fetal growth restriction (FGR).Key words: Cerebroplacental ratio, Doppler flow velocimetry, fetal growth restriction, pulsatility index, resistance index, systolic/ diastolic ratio

Full Text: