Bacterial meningitis: a new risk factor

Ramezan Ali Ataee, Ali Mehrabi Tavana, Morteza Izadi, Sayed Mohammad Javad Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Ataee


  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to discuss a possible new risk factor for the bacterial meningitis.
  • METHODS: Cerebrospinal fluid collected from 270 patients was assayed. An enzyme immunosorbent assay for the detection of Staphylococcal enterotoxins A to E was used.
  • RESULTS: The results indicated that the frequency of Coagulase Negative Staphylococci (CoNS) was 35 (20.46%). An important finding of this research was that the CoNS isolates produced enterotoxin C and D or enterotoxin C and E.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of enterotoxin-producing Coagulase Negative Staphylococci isolated from CSF patients. Therefore, these enterotoxins probably act as risk factors in the bacterial invasion into central nervous system.
  • KEYWORDS: Meningitis, Bacterial, Coagulase, Risk Factors, Staphylococcal, Enterotoxin.


Bacterial meningitis, CSF, Risk Factor and Enterotoxin

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