Detection and classification of cardiac ischemia using vectorcardiogram signal via neural network

Ali Reza Mehri Dehnavi, Iman Farahabadi, Hossain Rabbani, Amin Farahabadi, Mohamad Parsa Mahjoob, Nasser Rajabi Dehnavi


  • BACKGROUND: Various techniques are used in diagnosing cardiac diseases. The electrocardiogram is one of these tools in common use. In this study vectorcardiogram) VCG( signals are used as a tool for detection of cardiac ischemia.
  • METHODS: VCG signals used in this study were obtained form 60 patients suspected to have ischemia disease and 10 normal candidates. Verification of the ischemia had done by the cardiologist during strain test by the evaluation of electrocardiogram (ECG) records and patient's clinical history. The recorder device was Cardiax digital recorder system. The VCG signals were recorded in Frank lead configuration system.
  • RESULTS: Extracted ischemia VCG signals have been configured with 22 features. Feature dimensionalities were reduced by the use of Independent Components Analysis and Principal Component Analysis tools. Results obtained from strain test indicated that among 60 subjects, 50 had negative results and 10 had positive results. Ischemia detection of neural network using VCG parameters indicates 86% accuracy. Classification result on neural network using ECG ischemia detection parameters is 73% accurate. Accumulative evaluation including VCG analysis and strain test indicates 90% consistency.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Regarding the obtained results in this study, VCG has higher accuracy than ECG, so that in cases which ECG signal cannot provide certain diagnosis of existence or non-existence of ischemia, VCG signal can help in a wider range. We suggest the use of VCG as an auxiliary low cost tool in ischemia detection.
  • KEYWORDS: Vectorcardiography, Myocardial Ischemia, Neural Networks.


Vectorcardiogram, Cardiac Ischemia, Neural Network, Frank lead

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