Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2018. 23(10):J Res Med Sci 2018, 23:95 (28 November 2018).

The effect of orlistat and weight loss diet on plasma ghrelin and obestatin
Baris Pamuk, Hamiyet Yilmaz, Levent Kebapçilar, Halil Kirbiyik, Ahmet Alacacio?lu, Giray Bozkaya, Gülseren Pamuk, Mustafa Demirpence

Abstract


Objective: Te objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of weight loss with hypocaloric diet and orlistat treatment in
addition to hypocaloric diet on gut-derived hormones ghrelin and obestatin. Materials and Methods: A total of 52, euglycemic
and euthyroid, obese female patients were involved in the study. T e patients were assigned to two groups: Group 1 (n = 26)
received hypocaloric diet alone and Group 2 (n = 26) received orlistat in addition to hypocaloric diet for 12 weeks. Anthropometric
measurements, serum lipid, insulin levels, and obestatin and ghrelin values were assessed at the beginning of the study and after
12 weeks of therapy. Results: Baseline clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters including serum ghrelin and obestatin
concentrations and ghrelin/obestatin ratio were similar between the two groups. After 12 weeks, mean change in BMI, fat mass, and
fat-free mass (FFM) were -1.97 ± 1.56 kg/m2 (P = 0.003), -2.63% ±2.11% (P = 0.003), and -1.06 ± 0.82 kg (P = 0.003), respectively, in
Group 1. In Group 2, mean change in BMI was -2.11 ± 1.24 kg/m2 (P = 0.001), fat mass was -3.09% ±2.28% (P = 0.002), and FFM was
-1.26 ± 0.54 kg (P = 0.001). However, fasting glucose, lipid, and insulin levels did not change in Group 1. Furthermore, except serum
high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels, no significant change was observed in Group 2. Although serum ghrelin
and obestatin concentrations increased significantly in both groups (Group 1: pGhrelin: 0.047, pobestatin: 0.001 and Group 2: pGhrelin:
0.028, pobestatin: 0.006), ghrelin/obestatin ratio did not change significantly. When the changes in anthropometric assessments and
laboratory parameters were compared, no significant difference was observed between the two groups. Furthermore, no correlation
was observed between ghrelin or obestatin and any other hormonal and metabolic parameters. Conclusions: Weight loss with diet
and diet plus orlistat is both associated with increased ghrelin and obestatin concentrations.


Keywords


Obesity, obestatin/ghrelin ratio, orlistat



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