Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2018. 23(10):J Res Med Sci 2018, 23:90 (26 October 2018).

Is neutrophil gelatinase?associated lipocalin a good diagnostic marker for renal injury in asphyxiated preterm infants?
Jing?Jing Pan, Zhong?Yi Sun, Xiao?Yu Zhou, Yu?Hua Hu, Rui Cheng, Xiao?Qing Chen, Yang Yang

Abstract


Background: Te objective of this study is to evaluate the value of  neutrophil gelatinase?associated lipocalin (NGAL) for becoming a good endogenous marker of renal function in asphyxial preterm babies. Materials and Methods: Tis is a two?center retrospective study. Between October 2016 and October 2017, 71 asphyxial preterm infants were  included in asphyxia group. Seventy babies were randomly included in control group. Samples were tested at 24, 48, and 96 h after birth. Quantitative data were compared by independent sample t?test or repeated measures ANOVA. For qualitative data, Pearson’s Chi?squared test was performed. Draw ROC and compare the area under the curve (AUC), 95% confdence interval for AUC, specifcity (Spe), sensitivity (Sen), and Youden index (Sen+Spe?1) at 24?h, 48?h, and 96?h time points. Results: (1) Tere are no signifcant di?erences concerning on baseline data.
However, blood gas, Apgar score, and resuscitation showed a signifcant di?erence (P < 0.05). (2) In 24?h samples, only uNGAL and estimated glomerular fltration rate (eGFR) showed di?erences between the two groups (P < 0.05). In 48?h samples, signifcant di?erences could be found in uKIM?1, uNGAL, blood urea nitrogen, and eGFR (P < 0.05). In 96?h samples, almost all indicators have signifcant di?erences except urine output and eGFR (P < 0.05). (3) All biomarkers showed statistical  di?erence in the three time points (P < 0.05), but only uNGAL showed a downward trend after the increase of expression. (4) uNGAL has better Sen and Spe than other indicators (24?h AUC 0.870, Youden index 0.606; 48?h AUC 0.879, Youden index 0.692; and 96?h AUC 0.806, Youden index 0.606). Conclusion: uNGAL has a better distinguishability in asphyxial neonates compared with other indicators. Certainly, a larger sample, prospective study is still needed.

Keywords


Asphyxia, kidney injury, neonate, neutrophil gelatinase?associated lipocalin

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