Advanced glycation end products and risk of hypertension in Iranian adults: Tehran lipid and glucose study
validated semi?quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and they were followed up for a mean duration of approximately 6 years. To determine the incidence of hypertension across quartiles of AGEs intake, logistic egression models with adjustment for potential confounding variables were used. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically signifcant. Results: Higher hypertension occurrence risk was generally attributed to higher AGEs intake quartiles after adjusting
for age in men (odds ratio [OR] = 1.48, 95% confdence interval [CI] = 1.11–1.52, P = 0.038) and additional adjustment for smoking, drugs, and physical activity in women (OR = 1.38%–95% CI = 1.09–1.42, P = 0.042). Moreover, across the increasing trend of dietary AGEs intake, the percentage of fat intake increased and that of carbohydrate signifcantly decreased (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: In conclusion, it is highly recommended to limit dietary AGEs consumption to prevent and manage hypertension and its complications. Key words: Advanced glycation end products, hypertension, risk, Tehran lipid and glucose study
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