Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2018. 23(5):J Res Med Sci 2018, 23:43 (30 May 2018).

Advanced glycation end products and risk of hypertension in Iranian adults: Tehran lipid and glucose study
Parvin Mirmiran, Reyhaneh Yousef, Azadeh Mottaghi, Fereidoun Azizi

Abstract


Background: Elevated blood pressure is still one of the major risk factors for diseases and disabilities and also a public health challenge worldwide. In the present longitudinal study, we aimed to evaluate the association between risk of hypertension and dietary advanced glycation end products (AGEs) as a recently discussed potential risk factor. Materials and Methods: Dietary assessment of 1775 participants in the third phase of Tehran lipid and glucose study to obtain dietary intake of AGEs was performed using a
validated semi?quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and they were followed up for a mean duration of approximately 6 years. To determine the incidence of hypertension across quartiles of AGEs intake, logistic  egression models with adjustment for potential confounding variables were used. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically signifcant. Results: Higher hypertension occurrence risk was generally attributed to higher AGEs intake quartiles after adjusting
for age in men (odds ratio [OR] = 1.48, 95% confdence interval [CI] = 1.11–1.52, P = 0.038) and additional adjustment for smoking, drugs, and physical activity in women (OR = 1.38%–95% CI = 1.09–1.42, P = 0.042). Moreover, across the increasing trend of dietary AGEs intake, the percentage of fat intake increased and that of carbohydrate signifcantly decreased (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: In conclusion, it is highly recommended to limit dietary AGEs consumption to prevent and manage hypertension and its complications. Key words: Advanced glycation end products, hypertension, risk, Tehran lipid and glucose study

Keywords


Background: Elevated blood pressure is still one of the major risk factors for diseases and disabilities and also a public health challenge worldwide. In the present longitudinal study, we aimed to evaluate the association between risk of hypertension and

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