Evaluation of the predictive value of fetal Doppler ultrasound for neonatal outcome from the 36th week of pregnancy

Zahra Laleh Eslamian, Elahe Zarean, Maryam Moshfeghi, Zahra Heidari


Background: Early prediction of adverse neonatal outcome would be possible by Doppler impedance indices of middle cerebral artery (MCA), umbilical artery (UmA), and descending aortal artery (AO) that result in decrease neonatal morbidity and mortality rate. Te aim of the present study was a determination of optimal value for the ratio of MCA to  descending aorta blood ?ow (MCA/AO) impedance indices and its  comparison with the ratio of MCA to UmA (MCA/UmA) impedance indices and their relationship with neonatal outcome. Materials and Methods: Tis was a prospective cohort study on 212 pregnant women with gestational age 36 weeks or more, in three hospitals in Tehran, from April 2012 to April 2013. We investigated AO, MCA, and UmA impedance indices Doppler ultrasound every 2 weeks till delivery. Te mother was monitored for  adverse pregnancy outcome (hypertension [HTN], fetal growth   tardation, and other maternal complications) then infant birth weight, cord blood of  pH, and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission during the frst 24 h after delivery were assessed. Finally, we investigated relationships  between Doppler indices and neonatal outcomes include neonatal body weight (NBW), cord blood of pH, and NICU admission. Results: MCA/AO resistance index (RI) and MCA/AO pulsatile index (PI) showed an area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (area under the curve) of 0.905 (95% confdence interval (CI): 0.850, 0.959) and 0.818 (95% CI: 0.679, 0.956), respectively. Te cuto? values for pH (?7.2 vs. <7.2) based on MCA/AO RI and MCA/AO PI indices were 0.951 (sensitivity, 80% and specifcity, 86%) and 0.853 (sensitivity, 91% and specifcity, 83%),  respectively. Te cuto? value for NBW (?2500 vs. <2500 g) based on MCA/UmA PI index was 1.467 (sensitivity, 73% and specifcity, 63%). Te cuto? value of NICU admission of child based on MCA/AO PI index was
1.114 (sensitivity, 73% and specifcity, 54%). Conclusion: In the end of third?trimester pregnancies with the assessment of MCA and AO artery Doppler ultrasonography, it is possible to prevent many cases of neonatal acidosis caused by prenatal asphyxia as well as inappropriate interventions which are applied on mother. If MCA/AO PI was <0.85, the fetus needs to be evaluated further because it is at risk for acidosis.


Complicated pregnancy, Doppler indices, neonatal outcome uncomplicated pregnancy

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