Association of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Sleep Apnea in Patients Referred to Sleep Laboratory

Farzin Ghiasi, Babak Amra, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Fatemeh Azimian


Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is assumed as one of the most frequent gastrointestinal disorders, which decreases the patient’s quality of life. IBS pathogenesis, however, is not clearly defined. It seems that sleep apnea induces or escalates IBS clinical symptoms. Tis study aims at evaluating of IBS prevalence in patients, who are afflicted or are not afflicted with sleep apnea. Materials and Methods: Tis was a case–control study, which was implemented in a sleep laboratory located in Isfahan, Iran. We recruited 200 patients being more than 15 years from 2014 to 2015. Based on the apnea–hypopnea index (AHI), we recruited 100 patients in each of two groups: negative sleep apnea (NSA) (AHI ?4) and positive sleep apnea (PSA) (AHI >4). IBS was diagnosed through a Rome III diagnostic questionnaire. Results: Overall, the prevalence of IBS among patients referred to sleep laboratory was 17.6%. Indeed, IBS prevalence in NSA and PSA groups were 8.2% and 27.1%, respectively. Furthermore, odds ratio of IBS in PSA group versus NSA was 3.92 (95% confidence interval = 1.58–9.77, P = 0.003). Our results showed that the prevalence of IBS did not differ significantly between various severity of sleep apnea (P = 0.452). Conclusion: Tis study showed that there was a positive association between sleep apnea and IBS.

Key words: Irritable bowel syndrome, polysomnography, prevalence, sleep apnea syndrome


Irritable bowel syndrome, polysomnography, prevalence, sleep apnea syndrome

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