Burden of ischemic heart diseases in Iran, 1990-2010: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease study 2010

Mohammad Reza Maracy, Motahareh Tabar Isfahani, Roya Kelishadi, Anoosheh Ghasemian, Farshad Sharifi, Reihaneh Shabani, Shirin Djalalinia, Somayye Majidi, Hossein Ansari, Hamid Asayesh, Mostafa Qorbani


Background: Cardiovascular diseases are viewed worldwide as one of the main causes of death.This study aims to report
the burden of ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) in Iran by using data of the global burden of disease (GBD) study, 1990-2010.
Materials and Methods: The GBD study 2010 was a systematic eff ort to provide comprehensive data to calculate disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for diseases and injuries in the world. Years of life lost (YLLs) due to premature mortality were computed on the basis of cause-of-death estimates, using Cause of Death Ensemble model (CODEm). Years lived with disability (YLDs) were assessed by the multiplication of prevalence, the disability weight for a sequel, and the duration of symptoms. A systematic review of published and unpublished data was performed to evaluate the distribution of diseases, and consequently prevalence estimates were calculated with a Bayesian meta-regression method (DisMod-MR). Data from population-based surveys were used for producing disability
weights. Uncertainty from all inputs into the calculations of DALYs was disseminated by Monte Carlo simulation techniques.
Results: The age-standardized IHDs DALY specifi ed rate decreased 31.25% over 20 years from 1990 to 2010 [from 4720 (95%uncertainty interval (UI): 4,341-5,099) to 3,245 (95% UI: 2,810-3,529) person-years per 100,000]. Th e decrease were 38.14% among women and 26.87% among men. The age-standardized IHDs death specefied rate decreased by 21.17% [from 222) 95% UI: 207-243 (to 175 (95% UI:152-190) person-years per 100,000] in both the sexes. The age-standardized YLL and YLD rates decreased 32.05% and 4.28%, respectively, in the above period. Conclusion: Despite decreasing age-standardized IHD of mortality, YLL, YLD, and
DALY rates from 1990 to 2010, population growth and aging increased the global burden of IHD. YLL has decreased more than IHD deaths and YLD since 1990 but IHD mortality remains the greatest contributor to disease burden.

Key words: Burden of disease, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), Iran, ischemic heart diseases (IHDs), years lived with
disability (YLDs)

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