Association between angiotensinogen T174M polymorphism and ischemic stroke: a meta-analysis

Zilin Ou, Hongbing Chen, Gang Liu, Chuo Li, Shaoying Lin, Jianwen Lin


Background: Numerous studies have evaluated the association between the angiotensinogen (AGT) T174M polymorphism and ischemic stroke(IS) risk. However, the specific association is still controversial. Materials and Methods: In order to explore this association more deeply, we performed a meta-analysis. All of the relevant studies were identified from PubMed, Embase, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database up to October 2014. Statistical analyses were conducted with STATA 12.0 software. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) values were applied to evaluate the strength of the association. Results: Six studies with 1290 cases and 1125 controls were included. No significant variation in IS risk was detected in any of the genetic models in the overall (MM vs. TT: OR =1.64, 95% CI = 0.51-5.28; MT vs. TT: OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.66-1.31; dominant model: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.69-1.72; recessive model:OR = 0.61,95% CI = 0.20-1.91). Taking into account the effect of ethnicity, further stratified analyses were performed. The results showed that AGT gene T174M polymorphism might be associated with IS risk in Asians (MM vs. TT: OR = 3.28, 95% CI = 1.79-6.02; recessive model: OR = 0.31, 95% CI =0.17-0.57). Conclusion: In conclusion, the AGT T174M polymorphism may be a susceptible predictor of the risk of IS in Asians. Further, large and well-designed studies are needed to confirm this conclusion.

Key words: Angiotensinogen gene, ischemic stroke, meta-analysis, T174M polymorphism


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