Assessment of hepatitis C risk factors in center of Iran: A case–control study
through a standard checklist and compared between two study groups. Results: Although among studied potential risk factors, many of them were signifcantly associated with infected with HCV; however, in multivariable logistic regression model in the presence of other variables being male gender (odds ratio [OR]: 4.1; 95% confdence interval [CI]: 2.2–7.8), illiterate or less educated (OR: 62.64; 95% CI: 5.94–660.35), having history of intravenous (IV) drug addiction (OR: 33.0; 95% CI: 5.43–250.0), and tattooing (OR: 14.29; 95% CI: 1.82–90.91) increased risk of infection with HCV. Conclusion: In total, the current case–control study documented that socioecomical factors including economical state, marital status, education, and ethnicity and also other expected factors such as hospitalization, imprisonment, dialysis, tattooing, needle sharing, IV drug abuse, and extramarital sexual relationship represent an important source of HCV infection among adults in a central region of Iran. Tus, we suggest further considerations for prevention of HCV infection as most of related factors are preventable by close considerations.
This article has been downloaded 43 times up to now.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.